A new paper by Sara Meerow and Joshua Newell in Landscape and Urban Planning introduces the Green Infrastructure Spatial Planning Model (GISP), a GIS-based multicriteria approach that integrates six benefits of green infrastructure and allows for the consideration of stakeholder priorities. The model is applied to Detroit, revealing that current green infrastructure projects are not being optimally located. The GISP model provides a replicable approach for evaluating competing and complementary ecosystem services for a given landscape. Read the article here.
Reweaving the Urban Socio-ecological Fabric: Green infrastructure, urban agriculture, and social justice
Sara Meerow, University of Michigan
Alec Foster, University of Michigan
This session seeks to advance theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of green infrastructure and urban agriculture in cities. Of particular interest are papers that conceptualize relationships between these often divided research streams. Green infrastructure and urban agriculture have been heralded as solutions for diverse urban environmental and social issues, from amelioration of air and water pollution and urban heat islands to food insecurities and enhanced urban resilience (Beatley and Newman 2013; McClintock, 2010; Rouse and Bunster-Ossa 2013; Tzoulas et al. 2007). However, as numerous scholars have noted, both green infrastructure and urban agriculture (and urban green spaces more generally) can lead to gentrification (Pearsall, 2010; Qastel, 2009). This highlights the need to examine questions of social justice.
We seek theoretical and empirical papers that examine the benefits, trade-offs, scalar, political and justice dimensions of reweaving urban socio-ecological fabrics. Possible topics include, but are not limited to:
• Green agriculture, green infrastructure, and gentrification
• Efforts to make cities ‘just green enough’ (Wolch, Byrne, and Newell 2014)
• Potentials and challenges associated with ‘scaling up’ green agriculture and green infrastructure
• Urban agriculture as a form of green infrastructure
• Varying perspectives on ecosystems services and urban green space
• Urban agriculture, food production, and food sovereignty
Joshua Newell (University of Michigan)
Please submit abstracts of no more than 250 words to Alec Foster (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Sara Meerow (email@example.com) by October 21st.
Beatley, T, and P Newman. 2013. “Biophilic Cities Are Sustainable, Resilient Cities.” Sustainability 5 (8): 3328–45.
McClintock, N. 2010. Why Farm the City? Theorizing Urban Agriculture through a Lens of Metabolic Rift. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society 3 (2) 191-207.
Pearsall, H. 2010. From Brown to Green? Assessing Social Vulnerability to Environmental Gentrification in New York City. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 28(5) 872–886.
Qastel, N. (2009). Political Ecologies of Gentrification. Urban Geography 30(7): 694–725.
Rouse, David C., and Ignacio F. Bunster-Ossa. 2013. Green Infrastructure: A Landscape Approach. Chicago: American Planning Association.
Tzoulas, Konstantinos, Kalevi Korpela, Stephen Venn, Vesa Yli-Pelkonen, Aleksandra Kaźmierczak, Jari Niemela, and Philip James. 2007. “Promoting Ecosystem and Human Health in Urban Areas Using Green Infrastructure: A Literature Review.” Landscape and Urban Planning 81 (3): 167–78.
Wolch, Jennifer R., Jason Byrne, and Joshua P. Newell. 2014. “Urban Green Space, Public Health, and Environmental Justice: The Challenge of Making Cities ‘just Green Enough.’”Landscape and Urban Planning 125: 234–44.
A new paper by Sara Meerow, John Nordgren, and Missy Stults in Environmental Science and Policy assesses existing resources and efforts for climate change adaptation and the needs of local communities. The paper suggests that more work is needed for local communities and their practitioners to respond to climate change. Additionally, the paper suggests that climate adaptation resources and services need to be streamlined and organized to ensure efficacy and efficiency. Read the article here.
Sara Meerow was recently awarded a Rackham Predoctoral Fellowship, the Menakka and Essel Bailey Fellowship, and first place in the AAG Human Dimensions of Global Change Specialty Group Student Research Competition.
The Rackham Predoctoral Fellowship supports outstanding doctoral students in their last year working on dissertations that are unusually creative, ambitious and risk-taking.
The Menakka and Essel Bailey Fellowship is awarded to graduate students pursuing research, field work, cultural experience, or other study relevant to their graduate degree, preferably in the areas of public health, health care, or environmental work in South or Southeast Asia (excluding China or Japan).
The American Association of Geographers Human Dimensions of Global Change Specialty Group Student Research Competition provides an annual award to support graduate research in the area of human dimensions of global change.
“Scaling Up Agriculture in City-Regions to Mitigate FEW System Impacts” produced from the October 2015 NSF-Funded Workshop “FEW Workshop: ‘Scaling Up’ Urban Agriculture to Mitigate Food-Energy-Water Impacts” held at the University of Michigan- Ann Arbor assesses urban agriculture and its relationships with energy, water, food access, and other issues. This white paper summarizes current knowledge with respect to urban agriculture, evaluates integrative frameworks and modeling approaches to assess urban FEW system interactions, and identifies crucial research needs to transition urban FEW systems towards integration, sustainability, resiliency, and equity. Read the white paper here.
Paper by Sara Meerow, Joshua Newell, and Melissa Stults in Landscape and Urban Planning reviews the existing literature on urban resilience and proposes a new, inclusive definition. Read the article here.
A new paper by Sara Meerow, Joshua Newell, and Melissa Stults in Landscape and Urban Planning reviews the existing literature on urban resilience and proposes a new, inclusive definition. Read the article here.